CEO and Founder
SANDRA L. CHARLES: Ms. Charles started C&O Resources 29 years ago, after serving for over 15 years in the USG in both the National Security and Foreign Policy communities; serving as Director, Near East and South Asia, member of the National Security Council staff, in the White House and as Deputy Assistant Secretary (acting) of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, and in International Security Affairs. She has expertise in Middle Eastern, South Asian and African issues and programs related to US national security and foreign policy goals and objectives. She has participated in high level negotiations and policy development on security cooperation, international agreements, foreign military sales, peace initiatives, and crisis management, including the first Bush Administration's policy for Operation Desert Storm.
Principal Senior Advisor
AMBASSADOR LINCOLN BLOOMFIELD, JR.: Lincoln Bloomfield Jr. was U.S. Special Envoy for MANPADS Threat Reduction from 2008-09. From 2001-2005 he was U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Political Military Affairs, also serving as Special Representative of the President and Secretary of State for Humanitarian Mine Action. He was Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs (1992-93), Deputy Assistant to the Vice President for National Security Affairs (1991-02), member of the US team negotiating for US facilities in the Philippines (1991-92) and the US water mediation between Israel and Jordan (1990), and Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs (1988-89) among other policy positions in DoD beginning in 1981. He is Chairman Emeritus of the non-partisan Stimson Center, National Executive Committee Member of the U.S. Water Partnership, and President of Palmer Coates LLC. Author and commentator on many foreign policy and security topics, he holds degrees from Harvard College and the Fletcher School.
Senior Advisor for Congressional Affairs
M. ROXANNE PERUGINO: Roxanne Perugino has over thirty years’ experience in congressional affairs and foreign policy. Her specialty is the legislative process and the US Foreign Assistance program. Ms. Perugino most recently served as the Legislative Policy Analyst for the Arab Center Washington DC. Prior to that she was the Senior Associate for Congressional Affairs at C&O Resources. Following more than a decade on the House Foreign Affairs Committee Ms. Perugino served as a Washington consultant to various foreign governments, including Egypt, Tunisia, Lebanon and Pakistan.
DAN ARBELL: Dan Arbell is a 25 year veteran of the Israeli foreign service, having served in the UN, Japan and the U.S., including in the position of Deputy Chief of Mission at the Embassy of Israel in Tokyo (2001-2005) and Deputy Chief of Mission at the Embassy of Israel in Washington DC (2009-2012). In the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Jerusalem, Arbell served as the Acting Head of the North America Division (2005-2009), as well as the Director of the Coordination Department in the Director General's Bureau (1999-2001). He is currently an Associate Fellow at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS)-Americas in Washington DC and a Scholar in Residence in the School for International Service at American University in Washington DC. Arbell holds a Master's Degree (MA) in Political Science from Hebrew University in Jerusalem and a Bachelor's Degree (BA) in Political Science and World History from Hebrew University.
Senior Advisor, Strategy and Operations
COL. P. J. DERMER, (Ret.): Colonel (Retired) PJ Dermer was one of the Army’s foremost National Security and Middle East Regional experts. He fostered substantial contributions at the national level by operationalizing strategy in the complicated environments of the Middle East, Europe and Africa. He is a seasoned strategist, mentor, educator, and trainer for host nation governments and private business interests.
AMBASSADOR ROBIN RAPHEL: Ambassador Raphel is an advisor on political and economic developments in South Asia and the Middle East. She retired from the State Department a second time in October 2014 after working with the Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan. She served first as Assistance Coordinator in Pakistan for the late Ambassador Richard Holbrooke, and later as the Senior Advisor for Pakistan. Before that, she served as Deputy Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction, and as Senior Vice President for international affairs for the consulting firm Cassidy and Associates. In 1993 Ambassador Raphel launched State’s South Asia Bureau mandated by Congress, serving as Assistant Secretary for this new regional bureau. After that she was U.S. ambassador to the Republic of Tunisia, Vice President of the National Defense University, and on the first civilian team deployed to Iraq to set up the new civilian administration serving as Senior Advisor to the Iraqi Ministry of Trade. She then became Coordinator for Iraq Reconstruction, working with all national security agencies to ensure more effective and relevant reconstruction programs. Her federal government career began as a CIA economic analyst, focusing on Indonesia. She later joined the Foreign Service, workING on detail to USAID as an economic/financial analyst in Pakistan. At State, she worked on inward investment policy and standards for conduct of U.S. investors abroad, and on economic assistance for Israel. She also served as Staff Aide to the Assistant Secretary for Near East and South Asian Affairs, and as Special Assistant to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs. She was posted to the U.S. Embassy in London where she covered regional issues involving the Middle East, South Asia, Africa, and East Asia, and later as Political Counselor in U.S. embassies in South Africa and India. Before joining the Foreign Service she taught history at Damavand College in Tehran, Iran. Born in Vancouver, Washington, she graduated from of the University of Washington in history and economics, and did graduate studies at Newhall College in Cambridge, England in Modern European History. She holds a Master’s Degree in Economics from the University of Maryland.
PAUL SUTPHIN: Recently retired from State Department as a career member of the Senior Foreign Service Officer, Minister-Counselor rank, his last post was Senior Advisor in State’s Bureau of Administration, Office of Global Information Systems. Prior to that he was Senior Advisor (de facto Special Envoy) and Office Director in the Office of the Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan. Overseas he was as Deputy Chief of Mission at the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya. He also served as Director of the Office of Levant Affairs (Syria, Jordan, Lebanon) in State’s Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs (NEA). Prior to that, he was Director of Policy and Programs in NEA’s Office of Assistance Coordination, and Director of the Middle East Partnership Initiative (MEPI) program. He served as Consul General in Erbil, Iraq, 2012-2013, leading a staff of up to 1100, responsible for covering the Iraqi Kurdistan Region. He also served as Director of the Office of Israel and Palestinian Affairs, 2010-2012; Consul General in Dubai and the Northern Emirates in the United Arab Emirates, 2006-2009; in the UK as an exchange officer with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office and at the US Embassy in London as liaison with the UK government on all Middle East, South Asia, and terrorism issues, 1996-2001. He also served overseas in Jerusalem, Denmark and Guyana, and in a variety of positions in State dealing with Iraq, Israeli-Palestinian negotiations, terrorism, Pakistan/South Asia and Human Resources. He speaks Danish, French, and some Arabic. Born in Syracuse, NY, he is an honors graduate of Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service and has a Master’s degree in Strategic Studies from the National War College in Washington, D.C. He has received is multiple State Superior Honor and senior performance awards. He is married and has two children.
Analyst, Information Services
MEGHAN HORGAN: Meghan Horgan is a recent graduate from the Honors College at Texas A&M University at Galveston with a BA in Maritime Studies and a minor in Museum Studies. Her focus has broadly been on vulnerable migrant and internally displaced populations and more specifically, issues surrounding human trafficking in the Middle East and South Asia. She recently participated in multiple Model Arab League and Model United Nations collegiate conferences. She also recently completed an internship with the National Council on U.S. – Arab Relations in Washington D.C. This internship focused on the history and dynamics of the Gulf region. Meghan has significant experience in humanitarian research and publishing results in both written and verbal formats.
Assistant, Policy Operations
L. DAVID HERMAN: Mr. Herman has worked with Ms. Charles for nine years at C&O Resources, Inc. Beginning an intern prior to and while attending George Mason University, where he graduated the Honors College with a Bachelor of Science in Economics, he served as analyst following ISIS and other terrorist groups, the GCC states, Iran, Iraq and the Levant, preparing analytical reports and monitoring news and information on the Middle East. He currently is responsible for managing and coordinating the office work schedule with the CEO.
RANDALL L. ALLEN: Mr. Allen is a former USG employee who worked in the Department of Defense with the Defense Mapping Agency (now NGA) before moving to the private sector. He is a graduate of VA Tech with a background in Geography, Thematic Mapping and Remote Sensing and GIS technologies. He also has a degree in Business Administration and an extensive backgound in providing business and IT support services in the corporate sector.